Landenrapporten

Ken de risico's bij uw internationale handel

       

Nederland
COUNTRY RATING AA1

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Strengths

  • Favorable business environment
  • Consumer and business confidence at a 9-year high
  • Key trade hub in Europe
  • High current account surplus
  • Sound (and improving) public finances

Weaknesses 

  • High indebtedness of Dutch households
  • Housing sector remains volatile
  • High correlation with Eurozone economic cycle
  • Political fragmentation: nearly half of the 28 parties in the 2017 election race were created less than three years ago

       

BELGIE
COUNTRY RATING AA1

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Strengths

  • Strong business environment
  • Relatively low corporate debt
  • Diversified export structure (products)
  • High-skilled workforce
  • Presence of many European institutions

Weaknesses 

  • Highest corporate tax in the EU
  • High dependency to the eurozone business cycle
  • High public debt
  • High bank assets

       

UNITED KINGDOM (UK)
COUNTRY RATING AA1

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Strengths

  • Supportive economic and fiscal policies
  • High trade balance surplus on services
  • Healthy banking sector
  • Diversified export structure
  • Very friendly business environment

Weaknesses 

  • High trade balance deficit on goods
  • High current account balance deficit
  • Uncertainty surrounding Brexit
  • Decreasing long term per capita income
  • Low productivity growth

       

Duitsland
COUNTRY RATING AA1

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Strengths

  • Low systemic political risk
  • Good regional and international relations; EU and EMU membership
  • Healthy public finances
  • Strong manufacturing base (one quarter of GDP)
  • Adequate export diversification (products and trade partners)
  • Current account surpluses since 2002

Weaknesses 

  • Aging population
  • Dependence on exports
  • Low investment-to-GDP ratio (20% in 2016)
  • Vulnerability to slowdown in Chinese demand, especially investment spending